Procter & Gamble Must Scrub Carcinogen Dioxane From Tide
Posted on January 25, 2013 4:48 pm
January 25, 2013 (ENS) – Procter & Gamble, makers of Tide and Tide
Free & Gentle detergents, has agreed in a California court to reduce
the levels of the chemical 1,4 dioxane in its laundry products.
The Oakland-based nonprofit organization As You Sow filed a lawsuit
against Procter & Gamble for high levels of 1,4 dioxane in their
detergents without a warning label in violation of Proposition 65, the
California law governing toxic chemical exposure in consumer products.
On January 22, a California Superior Court Judge signed the consent
judgment on the case, resolving As You Sow’s claims against Procter
Shopper considers Tide detergents. (Photo by Rachel)
In the consent judgment, the company agreed to reformulate its
detergents to reduce levels of 1,4 dioxane to below 25 parts per
Procter & Gamble will complete the reformulation process by
September of 2013. The women’s groups say it is unlikely that old
versions of the product will remain on the shelves long after September.
Although Procter & Gamble signed the agreement in California, the
company is likely to distribute the new reformulated products
The chemical, 1,4 dioxane, often called dioxane, is a solvent
stabilizer classified as a known carcinogen in California under
Proposition 65. The U.S. EPA calls the chemical a “probable carcinogen.”
1,4-dioxane is a byproduct of ethoxylation, the process of adding
ethylene oxide – a known breast carcinogen – to petroleum-based
chemicals in order to make them less harsh.
The federal Agency for Toxic Substances classifies 1,4 dioxane as
“reasonably anticipated to be human carcinogen” and says, “Exposure to
1,4-dioxane occurs from breathing contaminated air, ingestion of
contaminated food and drinking water, and dermal contact with products
such as cosmetics that may contain small amounts of 1,4-dioxane.
Exposure to high levels of 1,4-dioxane can result in liver and kidney
Levels of 1,4 dioxane exceeding 85 ppm in children’s shampoos
indicate that close monitoring of raw materials and finished products is
warranted. While the FDA encourages manufacturers to remove 1,4-dioxane
from their products, it is not required by federal law.
I just checked the bottle of Tide that I have and it doesn't list the ingredients. I know Canada has banned NPE (Nonylphenol Ethoxylate) in laundry detergents, but not sure about Dioxane. Couldn't find anything during the short Google search that I did. Thanks for posting.