December 22, 2012 - âWhat I am about to tell you is something youâve probably never heard or read in history books,â she likes to tell audiences.
âI am a witness to history.
âI cannot tell you that Hitler took Austria by tanks and guns; it would distort history.
If you remember the plot of the Sound of Music, the Von Trapp family escaped over the Alps rather than submit to the Nazis. Kitty wasnât so lucky. Her family chose to stay in her native Austria. She was 10 years old, but bright and aware. And she was watching.
âWe elected him by a landslide â 98 percent of the vote,â she recalls.
She wasnât old enough to vote in 1938 â approaching her 11th birthday. But she remembers.
âEveryone thinks that Hitler just rolled in with his tanks and took Austria by force.â
Hitler is welcomed to Austria
âIn 1938, Austria was in deep Depression. Nearly one-third of our workforce was unemployed. We had 25 percent inflation and 25 percent bank loan interest rates.
Farmers and business people were declaring bankruptcy daily. Young people were going from house to house begging for food. Not that they didnât want to work; there simply werenât any jobs.
âMy mother was a Christian woman and believed in helping people in need. Every day we cooked a big kettle of soup and baked bread to feed those poor, hungry people â about 30 daily.â
âWe looked to our neighbor on the north, Germany, where Hitler had been in power since 1933.â she recalls. âWe had been told that they didnât have unemployment or crime, and they had a high standard of living.
âNothing was ever said about persecution of any group â Jewish or otherwise. We were led to believe that everyone in Germany was happy. We wanted the same way of life in Austria. We were promised that a vote for Hitler would mean the end of unemployment and help for the family. Hitler also said that businesses would be assisted, and farmers would get their farms back.
âNinety-eight percent of the population voted to annex Austria to Germany and have Hitler for our ruler.
âWe were overjoyed,â remembers Kitty, âand for three days we danced in the streets and had candlelight parades. The new government opened up big field kitchens and
everyone was fed.
âAfter the election, German officials were appointed, and, like a miracle, we suddenly had law and order. Three or four weeks later, everyone was employed. The government made sure that a lot of work was created through the Public Work Service.
âHitler decided we should have equal rights for women. Before this, it was a custom that married Austrian women did not work outside the home. An able-bodied husband would be looked down on if he couldnât support his family. Many women in the teaching profession were elated that they could retain the jobs they previously had been re- quired to give up for marriage.
âThen we lost religious education for kids
âOur education was nationalized. I attended a very good public school.. The population was predominantly Catholic, so we had religion in our schools. The day we elected Hitler (March 13, 1938), I walked into my schoolroom to find the crucifix replaced by Hitlerâs picture hanging next to a Nazi flag. Our teacher, a very devout woman, stood up and told the class we wouldnât pray or have religion anymore. Instead, we sang âDeutschland, Deutschland, Uber Alles,â and had physical education.
âSunday became National Youth Day with compulsory attendance. Parents were not pleased about the sudden change in curriculum. They were told that if they did not send us, they would receive a stiff letter of warning the first time. The second time they would be fined the equivalent of $300, and the third time they would be subject to jail.â
And then things got worse.
âThe first two hours consisted of political indoctrination. The rest of the day we had sports. As time went along, we loved it. Oh, we had so much fun and got our sports equipment free.
âWe would go home and gleefully tell our parents about the wonderful time we had.
âMy mother was very unhappy,â remembers Kitty. âWhen the next term started, she took me out of public school and put me in a convent. I told her she couldnât do that and she told me that someday when I grew up, I would be grateful. There was a very good curriculum, but hardly any fun â no sports, and no political indoctrination.
âI hated it at first but felt I could tolerate it. Every once in a while, on holidays, I went home. I would go back to my old friends and ask what was going on and what they were doing.
âTheir loose lifestyle was very alarming to me. They lived without religion. By that time, unwed mothers were glorified for having a baby for Hitler.
âIt seemed strange to me that our society changed so suddenly. As time went along, I realized what a great deed my mother did so that I wasnât exposed to that kind of humanistic philosophy.
âIn 1939, the war started, and a food bank was established. All food was rationed and could only be purchased using food stamps. At the same time, a full-employment law was passed which meant if you didnât work, you didnât get a ration card, and, if you didnât have a card, you starved to death.
âWomen who stayed home to raise their families didnât have any marketable skills and often had to take jobs more suited for men.
âSoon after this, the draft was implemented.
âIt was compulsory for young people, male and female, to give one year to the labor corps,â remembers Kitty. âDuring the day, the girls worked on the farms, and at night they returned to their barracks for military training just like the boys.
âThey were trained to be anti-aircraft gunners and participated in the signal corps. After the labor corps, they were not discharged but were used in the front lines.
âWhen I go back to Austria to visit my family and friends, most of these women are emotional cripples because they just were not equipped to handle the horrors of combat.
âThree months before I turned 18, I was severely injured in an air raid attack. I nearly had a leg amputated, so I was spared having to go into the labor corps and into military service.
âWhen the mothers had to go out into the work force, the government immediately established child care centers.
âYou could take your children ages four weeks old to school age and leave them there around-the-clock, seven days a week, under the total care of the government.
âThe state raised a whole generation of children. There were no motherly women to take care of the children, just people highly trained in child psychology. By this time, no one talked about equal rights. We knew we had been had.
âBefore Hitler, we had very good medical care. Many American doctors trained at the University of Vienna..
âAfter Hitler, health care was socialized, free for everyone. Doctors were salaried by the government. The problem was, since it was free, the people were going to the doctors for everything.
âWhen the good doctor arrived at his office at 8 a.m., 40 people were already waiting and, at the same time, the hospitals were full.
âIf you needed elective surgery, you had to wait a year or two for your turn. There was no money for research as it was poured into socialized medicine. Research at the medical schools literally stopped, so the best doctors left Austria and emigrated to other countries.
âAs for healthcare, our tax rates went up to 80 percent of our income. Newlyweds immediately received a $1,000 loan from the government to establish a household. We had big programs for families.
âAll day care and education were free. High schools were taken over by the government and college tuition was subsidized. Everyone was entitled to free handouts, such as food stamps, clothing, and housing.
âWe had another agency designed to monitor business. My brother-in-law owned a restaurant that had square tables.
âGovernment officials told him he had to replace them with round tables because people might bump themselves on the corners. Then they said he had to have additional bathroom facilities. It was just a small dairy business with a snack bar. He couldnât meet all the demands.
âSoon, he went out of business. If the government owned the large businesses and not many small ones existed, it could be in control.
âWe had consumer protection, too
âWe were told how to shop and what to buy. Free enterprise was essentially abolished. We had a planning agency specially designed for farmers. The agents would go to the farms, count the livestock, and then tell the farmers what to produce, and how to produce it.
âIn 1944, I was a student teacher in a small village in the Alps. The villagers were surrounded by mountain passes which, in the winter, were closed off with snow, causing people to be isolated.
âSo people intermarried and offspring were sometimes retarded. When I arrived, I was told there were 15 mentally retarded adults, but they were all useful and did good manual work.
âI knew one, named Vincent, very well. He was a janitor of the school. One day I looked out the window and saw Vincent and others getting into a van.
âI asked my superior where they were going. She said to an institution where the State Health Department would teach them a trade, and to read and write. The families were required to sign papers with a little clause that they could not visit for 6 months.
âThey were told visits would interfere with the program and might cause homesickness.
âAs time passed, letters started to dribble back saying these people died a natural, merciful death. The villagers were not fooled. We suspected what was happening. Those people left in excellent physical health and all died within 6 months. We called this euthanasia.
âNext came gun registration. People were getting injured by guns. Hitler said that the real way to catch criminals (we still had a few) was by matching serial numbers on guns. Most citizens were law-abiding and dutifully marched to the police station to register their firearms. Not long afterwards, the police said that it was best for everyone to turn in their guns. The authorities already knew who had them, so it was futile not to comply voluntarily.
âNo more freedom of speech. Anyone who said something against the government was taken away. We knew many people who were arrested, not only Jews, but also priests and ministers who spoke up.
âTotalitarianism didnât come quickly, it took 5 years from 1938 until 1943, to realize full dictatorship in Austria. Had it happened overnight, my countrymen would have fought to the last breath. Instead, we had creeping gradualism. Now, our only weapons were broom handles. The whole idea sounds almost unbelievable that the state, little by little eroded our freedom.â
âThis is my eyewitness account.
âItâs true. Those of us who sailed past the Statue of Liberty came to a country of unbelievable freedom and opportunity.
âAmerica is truly is the greatest country in the world. âDonât let freedom slip away.
âAfter America, there is no place to go.â
by gaylelynneJanuary 2, 2013 at 9:57 PM
This is very interesting...
Ha, good luck with this post.
Thanks for saving me time, I knew this had already been posted here.
Ha, good luck with this post.
c.f. Godwin's Law:
" As an online discussion grows longer, the probability of a comparison involving Nazis or Hitler approaches 1. "
" Once such a comparison is made, nothing further productive is ever said on the thread, unless someone mentioned Nazis or Hitler specifically in order to invoke the law and 'close' the thread. "
" Whoever first mentions the Nazis should automatically be considered to be the loser of whatever debate was in progress. "
January 3, 2013 at 12:52 PMCanada is pretty damned OK, too.