All 3 of my kids got their first teeth at 11 or 12 months... so I remember that...
But they ate a lot of different things, soft, and in small pieces. JUST BE SURE to only give one new food in a couple of days so if there's an allergic reaction you will know what it is. And and allergy doesn't always show right away or on the first ingestion. Sometimes it's a buildup, or having it the second time.
Scrambled eggs for example are great infant finger food... my toothless twins ate them several times a week, but then their younger sister broke out badly immediately from eating them at 10 months old.
Also try... small pieces of bread, baked apples, kidney or pinto beans, green beans (my kids still eat these like french fries, with their hands), boiled or oven roasted potatoes (cause the mush up in their mouth), chunked sweet potatoes, blueberries
You can also puree soups and pastas in a blender or food processor to make sure the chunks are small enough, and then spoon feed them.
Oh, and baby carrots are great teethers when they do start teething.