Learning Opportunities! Today in History: February 11
February 11, 2013 at 10:40 AM
are a list of events that took place today in history.
Have you studied or will you be studying any of these events?
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- 660 BC – Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu.
- 55 – Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.
- 244 – Emperor Gordian III is murdered by mutinous soldiers in Zaitha (Mesopotamia). A mound is raised at Carchemish in his memory.
- 1177 – John de Courcy's Army defeats the native Dunleavey Clan in Ulster. The English establish themselves in Ulster.
- 1531 – Henry VIII of England is recognized as supreme head of the Church of England.
- 1626 – Emperor Susenyos of Ethiopia and Patriarch Afonso Mendes declare the primacy of the Roman See over the Ethiopian Church, and Roman Catholicism the state religion of Ethiopia.
- 1659 – The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
- 1752 – Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in the United States, is opened by Benjamin Franklin.
- 1790 – The Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitions U.S. Congress for abolition of slavery.
- 1794 – First session of United States Senate open to the public.
- 1808 – Jesse Fell burns anthracite on an open grate as an experiment in heating homes with coal.
- 1812 – Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry "gerrymanders" for the first time.
- 1826 – University College London is founded under the name University of London.
- 1826 – Swaminarayan writes the Shikshapatri, an important text within the Swaminarayan faith.
- 1840 – Gaetano Donizetti's opera La Fille du Régiment receives its first performance in Paris.
- 1843 – Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi receives its first performance in Milan.
- 1855 – Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam
- 1856 – The Kingdom of Awadh is annexed by the British East India Company and Wajid Ali Shah, the king of Awadh, is imprisoned and later exiled to Calcutta.
- 1861 – American Civil War: United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
- 1873 – King Amadeus I of Spain abdicates.
- 1889 – Meiji Constitution of Japan is adopted; the first Diet of Japan convenes in 1890.
- 1903 – Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony receives its first performance in Vienna.
- 1906 – Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer nos.
- 1916 – Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control.
- 1919 – Friedrich Ebert (SPD), is elected President of Germany.
- 1929 – Fascist Italy and the Vatican sign the Lateran Treaty.
- 1937 – A sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers Union.
- 1938 – BBC Television produces the world's first ever science fiction television program, an adaptation of a section of the Karel Capek play R.U.R., that coined the term "robot".
- 1939 – A Lockheed XP-38 flies from California to New York in 7 hours 2 minutes.
- 1942 – The first gold record is presented to Glenn Miller for "Chattanooga Choo Choo".
- 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Bukit Timah is fought in Singapore.
- 1943 – World War II: General Dwight Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
- 1953 – President Dwight Eisenhower refuses a clemency appeal for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.
- 1953 – The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel.
- 1959 – The Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, which will later become South Yemen, is created as a protectorate of the United Kingdom.
- 1964 – Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.
- 1964 – The Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan) breaks off diplomatic relations with France.
- 1968 – Israeli-Jordanian border clashes.
- 1971 – Eighty-seven countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, and USSR, sign the Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor in international waters.
- 1973 – Vietnam War: First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam takes place.
- 1978 – Censorship: the People's Republic of China lifts a ban on works by Aristotle, William Shakespeare and Charles Dickens.
- 1979 – Islamic revolution of Iran establishes an Islamic theocracy under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
- 1981 – 100,000 US gallons (380 m3) of radioactive coolant leak into the containment building of TVA Sequoyah 1 nuclear plant in Tennessee, contaminating 8 workers.
- 1987 – The Constitution of the Philippines goes into effect.
- 1990 – Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa after 27 years as a political prisoner.
- 1997 – Space Shuttle Discovery is launched on a mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope.
- 2008 – Rebel East Timorese soldiers seriously wound President José Ramos-Horta. Rebel leader Alfredo Reinado is killed in the attack.
- 2011 – The first wave of the Egyptian revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests.
by BoobahFebruary 11, 2013 at 10:43 AMThanks!